Dr. Floris J. Bex of The University of Dundee Argumentation Research Group, and Professor Dr. Douglas Walton of the University of Windsor Centre for Research in Reasoning, Argumentation and Rhetoric, have published Burdens and standards of proof for inference to the best explanation: three case studies, forthcoming in Law, Probability, and Risk.
Here is the abstract:
In this article, we provide a formal logical model of evidential reasoning with proof standards and burdens of proof, which enables us to evaluate evidential reasoning by comparing stories on either side of a case. It is based on a hybrid inference model that combines argumentation and explanation, using inference to the best explanation as the central form of argument. The model is applied to one civil case and two criminal cases. It is shown to have some striking implications for modelling and using traditional proof standards like preponderance of the evidence and beyond reasonable doubt.
Tags: Artificial intelligence and law, Douglas Walton, Floris Bex, Law Probability and Risk, Legal evidence information systems, Legal inference, Modeling burdens of proof, Modeling evidentiary reasoning, Modeling legal argumentation, Modeling legal evidentiary reasoning, Modeling legal inference, Modeling legal reasoning, Modeling standards of proof