Florian Gros and Catherine Tessier of ONERA, and Thierry Pichevin of CREC, Ecoles de Saint-Cyr Coetquidan, presented a paper entitled Ethics and Authority Sharing for Autonomous Armed Robots (scroll down), at RDA2 2012: the First Workshop on Rights and Duties of Autonomous Agents, held 28 August 2012 in Montpellier, France.
Here is the abstract:
The goal of this paper is to review several ethical questions that are relevant to the use of autonomous armed robots and to authority sharing between such robots and the human operator. First, we discern the commonly confused meanings of morality and ethics. We continue by proposing leads to answer some of the most common ethical questions raised by literature, namely the autonomy, responsibility and moral status of autonomous robots, as well as their ability to reason ethically. We then present the possible advantages that authority sharing with the operator could provide with respect to these questions.
The principal ethical rules addressed in the paper are the Laws of War and related legal rules.