Land Matrix: Data and Visualizations Concerning Large Real Property Transactions

Land Matrix is a free and open database of large land transaction data, with visualization tools.

Land Matrix is operated by a group of organizations including International Land Coalition and GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies / Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien.

Here is a description of Land Matrix, from the project’s frontpage and About page:

The Land Matrix is a global and independent land monitoring initiative that promotes transparency and accountability in decisions over land and investment.

This website is our Global Observatory – an open tool for collecting and visualising information about large-scale land acquisitions. […]

In the Global Observatory, a deal is referred to as an intended, concluded or failed attempt to acquire land through purchase, lease or concession that meets the criteria defined below.

The Global Observatory includes deals that are made for agricultural production, timber extraction, carbon trading, industry, renewable energy production, conservation, and tourism in low- and middle-income countries.

Deals must:

  • Entail a transfer of rights to use, control or ownership of land through sale, lease or concession;
  • Have been initiated since the year 2000;
  • Cover an area of 200 hectares or more;
  • Imply the potential conversion of land from smallholder production, local community use or important ecosystem service provision to commercial use.


According to the project’s Website, the Land Matrix database currently contains data on 1,021 transactions.

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